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UN
UN
MAHA DHAMMARAJA, AVA KING
Friday, 26 April 2019
By Kyaw Kyaw Hlaing
While Nga Zinka was marching to Hanthawady from Syriam, five ships arrived to aid Nga Zinka. Hearing this news, the Ava king ordered Minye Kyaw Htin, the commander of the Royal Navy, to attack the ships with might and main with the result that four ships were captured and only one ship escaped. When the king of Ava arrived at the city of Hanthawasy, Banya Dalla, the Martaban town ship administrator, submitted himself to owe allegiance to the king of Ava on 3rd May, the Ava king made Banya Dalla owe allegiance to him and reinstated him, conferring the tittle, ‘Banya Dhammaraja upon him.
Nonetheless, the township officer by Yay called Banya Payan was transferred to Ava whil the king of Sagaing was made the town officer of Yay. His son the king of Mongthat was appointed Taung-Oo township officer.
While the former Sagaing king was reigning Yay, the Tavoy or Dawei town officer raided Yay and detained the ex-Sagaing king. The king of Ava was stationed in Hanthawady for the whole raining season, and left for Martaban where he arrived in November. However, when he received the news of Yay, he sent four military units there. He then followed his troops. The front runner forces occupied the entire town of Tavoy on 15th December. During the battle, the ex-sagaing king could be saved. As Tenasserim or Taninthayi fell under the king of Thailand, he sent on 26th December four military units for military intelligence. The king deceived the enemy, making them think that the majority of his troops were stationed in Hanthawady. Nonetheless, he left Yay for Martaban, on 1st March in 1614 AD. Upon his arrival at Martaban, Nawrahta Min Saw, the king of Chiangmai, passed away. Upon the demise of the Thai king, the Chiangmai ministers were plotting against the potential successor to the king. Therefore, the Ava king arranged to send 24 military units to Chiangmai.
Meanwhile, the Thai king marched to Tenasserim with eight military units to attack Ava warriors. However the Thai troops had to retreat as they were fiercely fought by the Ava forces with all their might. The Ava king ordered his archers to continue to march towards Chiangmai, and he himself left Martaban for Chiangmai on 18th April. Arriving at La-Pon, he discovered that the La-wun town administrator strengthened his town for defense.


On 9th July, he left Chiangmai for La-wun. Despite almost entirely short of food supplies, he could have convinced his soldiers of the victory over the enemy and thus, La-wun town officers surrendered on 25th November. Since then, Chiangmai, which had 57 satellite towns, could be occupied by the Ava king. Chiangmai was within the district of Haribunza. The ruler of Taung-Oo was transferred to Annan while the Annan officer was appointed Chiangmai administrator. Afterwards, Thway Thunk troops were formed to make the military organization compact. Next, his son was given the tittle, “Minye Deikba”. On 9th May in 1615 AD, the king of Ava left Chiangmai.
Upon arrival at Hanthawady, preparations were made for the troops to march towards the west in September while another five military units were sent to U Yin Pu area. After occupation of Sandoway, the troops returned. The king was stationed in Hanthawady, renovating pagodas and temples ruined during the battles. He also received the diplomats from Akbat and Calcutta. His brother Minye Theinkhattu was awarded with the title, “Thadoe Dhammaraja” and made to rule Pyay concurrently with Taloke, Salin, Kyaukku and Pinya. And younger brother, the ruler of Saku, was awarded with the title, “Minye Kyaw Swa” and made to reign Saku concurrently with Kami, Pyinmana and Pyinpya.
Since wrestling back Syriam from the hands of the Portuguese, Maha Dhammaraja had been exerting strenuous effort to be able to establish diplomaticties with the western countries. When he got Thomas Samuel as a PoW from the battle of Chiangmai, he provided him with a proper care and treatment. Samuel had been serving with the British East India Company. Upon arrival at Hanthawady, Samuel died of ill health unfortunately. Upon the alien’s death, Maha Dhammaraja contacted the fellow compatriots of Samuel who were settled down in Masulipatam. Contact was made via Mohamadan merchants for those concerned to collect the belongings left by Samuel. While informing the late British company, the king had invited the British businessmen to make investments in Myanmar by building the factories and mills on Myanmar’s land.
The East India Company in Masulipatam had William Mathwold as its representative. William sent Henry Forest and John Stavely to Myanmar. The Company’s delegates were warmly welcomed by king of Ava Maha Dhammaraja. However, when it was found out that there purpose was only to collect the personal belongings of Samuel, not having any intention to do business with or make investment in Myanmar, they were detained. Only after three years of detention, they were released and given presents. The king delivered a message via them, offering free trade with Myanmar. Nevertheless, the British showed no sign of interest, being reluctant to be engaged in trading with Myanmar. This being so, there was very littleties between the British and the Myanmar at that time.
In May of 1621 AD, the Ava king hoisted the sacred umbrella onto the Kyaikko pagoda. Then, he ordered Taung-Oo king Minye Kyaw Htin and his brother Minye Kyaw Swa to chase Monai Saw Bwa. They brought with them four military units. Then, Monai Saw Bwa sought military assistance from Lin Zin ruler and was stationed dafe and sound on the other side of River Mapyein. When Lin Zin troops heard the news of the arrival of the four military corps, they left out of fear, and thus, Minye Kyaw Swa surrendered. He was brought as a captive to Hanthawady. Kyaing Yone administrator mobilized the forces and strengthened his town of Kyaing Yone, and made his brother strengthen his town of Kyaing Yone, and made his brother strengthen Mongsi, where the latter resided in. In April of 1626 AD, Minye Thihathu and Pyinsi Officer were appointed commanders. They were made to join forces of Minye Kyaw Swa, and the combined forces were ordered to march to Kyaing Yone.