Developing and Evaluating Evidence-Based Anti-Corruption Strategies _ The Role of Measurement
Saturday, 28 September 2019
(Continued from yesterday)
In 2010, the survey results indicated the judiciary to be the top most corrupt sector. The issue dragged TI Bangladesh into litigation as some disgruntled lawyers filed a case charging TI Bangladesh of defaming the judiciary. Furthermore, TI- Bangladesh had to give up corruption news scanning with increasing public criticism on the methodology. This case may be rather sporadic or based on anecdotal accounts only, but they speak of possible risks associated with corruption surveys.

2. Donor dependency, duplication of efforts and lack of institutionalization
The majority of surveys in developing countries have been possible due to financial and technical support from donor agencies. This has undermined the regularity and frequency in organizing surveys and in using their results. There is also an issue of duplication of surveys in some countries. In some countries (e.g., Afghanistan and Cambodia), similar surveys have been carried out in a single year by two different institutions. The availability of funds and lack of institutional coordination may have led to this situation. Due to donor dependency some countries have not been able to organize surveys on a regular basis. This raises the question of long-term sustainability of surveys. Survey frequency is too often determined by the availability of donor funding.

3. Quality of surveys
Ultimately, the usefulness of survey results depends on their quality. Low capacity on the part of a funding agency to select and monitor the performance of the surveying agencies, low quality of questionnaire, and lack of expertise in data processing _ all contribute to low quality survey results and diminished public trust in those results. In Nepal in 2004, a corruption survey had to be abandoned at the stage of data processing because the survey agent lacked the capacity to process and analyse the survey information.

4. Use and impact of survey results
The use of most survey results has been primarily for media reporting. This has helped to sensitize the public and to launch NGO advocacy works. Also, some countries have used survey results to inform policies. In an online survey by the Asia-Pacific Integrity in Action (AP-INTACT ) network, some respondents expressed reservations on the extent to which survey results influence policy-making.
Moreover, the extent to which data gathered from surveys feeds into policy reform largely depends on the construct of the survey. If the surveys are designed for a specific purpose such as designing baseline and target indicators for national anti-corruption strategies, data might contribute significantly in influencing policy-making. If the objective of a survey is merely raising awareness by gauging people’s perceptions, this might or might not influence policymaking or reforms.